Chhuk Bandith, former Bavet governor, at Appeal Court on 27 Feb 2013.
Phnom Penh (June 25, 2013) - Cambodian Community Legal
Education Center (CLEC) and Cambodian League for the Promotion & Defense of
Human Rights (LICADHO) welcome the conviction of former Bavet governor Chhouk
Bandith for shooting three garment workers last year, but condemn the light
sentence - one-and-a-half years in prison - for actions that amounted an
The sentence is little more than a slap on the wrist, and is
emblematic of Cambodia's pervasive culture of impunity for the well-connected
According to witnesses, then-governor Bandith brandished a
gun during a protest at a garment factory in February 2012 and fired shots into
a group of thousands of workers. Three women were seriously injured. He has yet
to spend a day in detention, and at one point, charges were actually dropped
altogether. He was finally charged with causing "unintentional violence."
In contrast, Boeung Kak Lake land activist and human rights
defender Yorm Bopha was sentenced to three years in prison - though one year
was recently suspended by the Court of Appeals - for allegedly "masterminding" a physical assault on one man. There was no evidence presented in court linking
her to the attack. Bopha has been in prison since September 2012, including
more than four months in pretrial detention.
"Bandith opened fire on a group of thousands of people, with
plenty of witnesses, and effectively got six months in prison for each person
he shot," said LICADHO Director Naly Pilorge. "Bopha wasn't even present at
when the alleged beating began, and no evidence has connected her to it, yet
she will spend two years in prison."
"You can't even call this a double standard - it's two
entirely different justice systems: one that is wielded as a weapon against
activism, and another that serves and protects well-connected individuals."
The Bandith case is reminiscent of the legal proceedings that
followed the April 2012 killing of environmental activist Chut Wutty. After
advancing multiple inconsistent explanations of Wutty's death, authorities
ultimately claimed that Wutty's killer was also dead - killed by security guard
on the scene. That security guard, Rann Boroth, was eventually convicted, and
released after six months in prison.
"Just like in the killing of environmental leader Wutty, the
appearance is so bad that authorities are backed into a corner," Pilorge said. "They have to do something. Unfortunately, here, as in the Wutty case, they
only did the bare minimum, and it does nothing to combat the Kingdom's culture
Bandith was also ordered to pay 38 million riel (US $9,500)
in compensation to his three victims - 0 million riel (US $5,000) to one, 10
million riel (US $2,500) to another, and 8 million riel (US $2,000) to the
Bavet is located in Svay Rieng province. The region's
special economic zones are home to a host of garment factories which supply
international buyers such as Puma, which purchases from the factory where the
injured workers worked at the time of the shooting.
The verdict comes only six months after the reinstatement of
murder verdicts against Born Samnang and Sok Sam Oeun, who were scapegoated in
the killing of union leader Chea Vichea in 2004. There was no evidence
connecting the pair to the crime, and the Supreme Court had ordered them
released in 2008. Inexplicably, their 20-year prison sentences were reinstated
in December 2012, despite no new evidence being presented at court.
"These verdicts do nothing to help the international
reputation of Cambodia's vital garment sector," said Moeun Tola, head of CLEC's
labor program. "The message is: Scapegoats and activists get large sentences,
even if they didn't commit a crime, while well-connected individuals get a slap
on the wrist - no matter what their crime."
We urge the Svay Rieng court prosecutor and the General
Prosecutor to appeal the verdict to open the door for the Court of Appeal to reevaluate
the case against Bandith, and apply just and adequate charges and penalties
under the law. Under no circumstances should the Court of Appeal allow Bandith
to remain free while his appeal is pending.
We also call upon authorities to prioritize Bandith's
immediate arrest, so that he is not allowed to flee, and so that he can pay
restitution to his victims.
For more information, please contact:
Tola, Head of CLEC's Labor Programme, 012 921 961
Mr. Am Sam
Ath, Monitoring Supervisor of LICADHO, 012 327 770