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Cambodia: Stop disrupting civil society events and restricting freedom of expression and assembly ahead of ASEAN Summit 

2012-11-15 - CLEC

Around 50 community people were sent out at mid night last night by owner of Sophea guesthouse. Photo by Bo Pao

Cambodia: Stop disrupting civil society events and restricting freedom of expression and assembly ahead of ASEAN Summit

We, the undersigned civil society organizations, strongly urge the Cambodian authorities to immediately end the ongoing intimidation, threats and harassment of organizers, venue owners and participants involved in civil society events in Cambodia's capital, Phnom Penh ahead of the 21st Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Summit and the 7th East Asia Summit. We strongly urge the Cambodian authorities to respect the fundamental rights to freedom of expression and assembly in accordance with their constitutional and international obligations, in particularly in view of rising concern that it will heighten its crackdown on these fundamental freedoms ahead of the two summits.

Since 12 November 2012, civil society groups from Cambodia and throughout the ASEAN region have converged in Phnom Penh for a series of workshops and other activities, held under the banner of two main civil society events: the ASEAN Grassroots People's Assembly (AGPA) and the ASEAN Civil Society Conference/ASEAN People's Forum (ACSC/APF), both timed to coincide with the upcoming ASEAN Summit from 18 to 20 November 2012.

On 13 November 2012, the opening ceremony of AGPA, which was held at a restaurant and attended by over 1,500 people, was disrupted when electricity supply to the venue was cut off. The restaurant owner had apparently been pressured by the local authorities to cancel the event. Venues for some AGPA workshops scheduled to begin on 14 November 2012 were also cancelled at the last minute, despite agreements, rental deposits and other necessary requirements being in place. In addition, over 250 AGPA participants have also been turned away by some guesthouses in Phnom Penh, ostensibly due to threats by local authorities who have been seen harassing owners of several guesthouses where these participants are staying.

Furthermore, notification by the organizers to hold a rally on 16 November 2012 to submit demands to the Cambodian government as the Chair of ASEAN was refused by the Phnom Penh Municipality and Ministry of Interior. The government has also warned that the authorities would arrest anybody who participates in public protests during the ASEAN Summit. 

The other civil society-organized event, the ACSC/APF, scheduled to be held on 14-16 November, also faced similar obstructions by the authorities. The organizers of this event have had their venues cancelled on two successive occasions following pressure from local authorities. 

This is not the first time that the Cambodian authorities have employed harassment and intimidation tactics to disrupt ASEAN civil society-organized events on a mass scale. Earlier this year, several workshops at the ACSC/APF in March, held to coincide with the 20th ASEAN Summit, were also stopped by the authorities. 

As a state party to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR), the Cambodian government is legally obliged to respect the right to freedoms of expression and assembly, which are also enshrined in the Cambodian's Constitution.

We strongly urge the Cambodian government to immediately halt all forms of action that restrict and disrupt any of the events organized by civil society, including peaceful public assemblies, in the run up to the ASEAN Summit, consistent with Cambodia's international legal obligations. Continued efforts to restrict and disrupt any of these events in the coming days will not only seriously worsen the already dismal human rights record of the Cambodian government, but also make a mockery of Cambodia's commitment, as an ASEAN member state, to "promote a people-oriented ASEAN in which all sectors of society are encouraged to participate in, and benefit from, the process of ASEAN integration and community building", as enshrined in the ASEAN Charter.


Endorsed by:

1.     Acehnese Civil Society Task Force (ACSTF)

2.     ALTSEAN-Burma 

3.     Amnesty International

4.     Anjanee

5.     Arus Pelangi

6.     ASEAN Watch, Thailand

7.     Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development (FORUM-ASIA) 

8.     ASEAN LGBTIQ Caucus

9.     Asia Indigenous Peoples Pact (AIPP)

10.  Action for Gender and Ecological Justice (AKSI)

11.  Amnesty International

12.  ASEAN Disability Forum (ADF) 

13.  Bank Information Centre (BIC)

14.  Burma Partnership (BP)

15.  Cambodian Food and Service Workers Federation (CFSWF)

16.  The Cambodian Human Rights and Development Association (ADHOC)

17.  The Cambodian League for the Promotion and Defense of Human Rights (LICADHO) 

18.  The Cambodia Youth Indigenous Association (CIYA) 

19.  Coalition to Abolish Modern-day Slavery in Asia (CAMSA)

20.  Community Legal Education Centre

21.  Community Management Centre (CMC)

22.  DEMA Malaysia 

23.  Dignity International 

24.  ELSAM Papua

25.  Equitable Cambodia 

26.  Focus on the Global South

27.  FONGTIL - The NGO Forum of Timor-Leste 

28.  Forum LGBTIQ Indonesia

29.  FOR SOGI (Thailand)

30.  Foundation for Education and Development (FED) 

31.  Her Lounge 

32.  Housing Rights Task Force (HRTF) 

33.  Human Rights Watch 

34.  IMPARSIAL  The Indonesian Human Rights Monitor 

35.  Independent Democracy of Informal Economy Association (IDEA)

36.  The International Gay and Lesbian Human Rights Commission (IGLHRC) 

37.  Indigenous Peoples Task Force (IPTF)

38.  Indonesia for Humans 

39.  International Commission of Jurists (ICJ) 

40.  International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) 

41.  Institute for Essential Services Reform (IESR), Indonesia

42.  Justice for Sisters

43.  Land Reform Chiang Mai 

44.  Lembaga Bantuan Hukum (LBH) Yogyakarta

45.  Migrant Forum in Asia 

46.  Nationalities Youth Forum 

47.  People's Empowerment Foundation 

48.  People Like Us (PLU)

49.  Philippine Alliance of Human Rights Advocates (PAHRA) 

50.  Philwomen on ASEAN 

51.  Rainbow Rights Project Inc.

52.  Sahmakum Teang Tnaut

53.  SAMIN Indonesia

54.  Sayoni 

55.  Seksualiti Merdeka 

56.  Southeast Asia Committee for Advocacy (SEACA) 

57.  Solidaritas Perempuan 

58.  Southeast Asia Women's Caucus on ASEAN 

59.  Suara Rakyat Malaysia (SUARAM)

60.  Task Force Detainees Philippines (TFDP) 

61.  Taxi Network Thailand 

62.  Thai Transgender Alliance 

63.  Thai Volunteer Service (TVS)

64.  The Commission for the Disappeared and Victims of Violence (KontraS) 

65.  Think Centre

66.  Towards Ecological Recovery and Regional Alliance (TERRA) 

67.  Disabled Persons International (Asia-Pacific) 

68.  Peace and Conflict Studies Center (National University of Timor-Leste) 

69.  People's Empowerment Foundation (PEF) 

70.  Urban Community Mission Jakarta 

71.  WALHI (Wahana Lingkungan Hidup Indonesia) 

72.  Women's Legal and Human Rights Bureau, Inc. (WLHRB)



For inquiry, please contact: 

1.     Yap Swee Seng, Asian Forum for Human Rights and Development, tel: +66 81 8689178 (Bangkok), +855 13 995545 (Phnom Penh) 

2.     Mora Sar, ASEAN Grassroots Peoples' Assembly, tel: +85516525781 

3.     Rupert Abbot, Amnesty International, tel: +855017500778 

4.     Phil Robertson, Human Rights Watch), tel: +66850608406